- AL-BARGELONI (i.e. of Barcelona), ISAAC BEN REUBEN
- AL-BARGELONI (i.e. "of Barcelona"), ISAAC BEN REUBEN (b. 1043), Spanish talmudist and liturgical poet. In a genizah fragment Al-Bargeloni is described as a pupil of Ḥanokh b. Moses and must, therefore, have studied for some time in Córdoba. His permanent residence was the coastal city of Denia, where he was presumably active as a dayyan until his death. Naḥmanides was one of his descendants. abraham ibn daud extols his learning, including him among the four distinguished contemporaries of Isaac Alfasi, also called Isaac. moses ibn ezra and Al-Ḥarizi praise his poetical talent, especially his ingenuity in interpolating biblical verses into his poems. This skill is particularly manifest in Isaac's azharot, in which all 145 strophes end with a biblical quotation. The azharot have been included in most North African rites published since 1655 and have been frequently published, both alone and together with those of solomon ibn gabirol . Of Isaac's other poems there are extant two introductions to the azharot, two tokheḥot (one unpublished), two mi-khamokha, and an ahavah. His halakhic works consist of commentaries to single tractates of the Talmud (not preserved), and a translation from Arabic to Hebrew of hai gaon 's Sefer ha-Mikkaḥ ve-ha-Mimkar made in 1078. According to Simeon b. Ẓemaḥ Duran (Responsa 1:15), judah b. barzillai al-bargeloni was Isaac's pupil. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Rapoport, in: Bikkurei ha-Ittim, 10 (1829), 191; Mann, in: REJ, 74 (1922), 157–9; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 418; J.H. Schirmann, Shirim Ḥadashim min ha-Genizah (1966), 196–200; Ibn Daud, Tradition, index.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JUDAH BEN BARZILLAI (ha-Nasi), AL-BARGELONI — JUDAH BEN BARZILLAI ( ha Nasi ), AL BARGELONI (late 11th and early 12th century), rabbi of Barcelona. Naḥ manides claimed descent from him, referring to him as zekeni ( my ancestor ). According to one statement (responsa, Tashbeẓ, 1:15), he was a … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SPAIN — (in Hebrew at first אספמיא then ספרד), country in S.W. Europe. The use of the word Spain to denote Sepharad has caused some confusion in research. Spain came into being long after the Jews had been expelled from the Crowns of Castile and Aragon,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
NAḤMANIDES — (Moses b. Naḥman, also known as Naḥamani and RaMBaN – an acronym of Rabbi Moses Ben Naḥman; 1194–1270), Spanish rabbi and scholar and one of the leading authors of talmudic literature in the Middle Ages; philosopher, kabbalist, biblical exegete,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism